The Newfoundland often referred to as a Newfie, are the true gentle giants of the dog world. They are known to be docile, have huge loving hearts, and even bigger personalities.
Newfoundlands were originally bred and used as working dogs for fishermen in Newfoundland. They are known for their intelligence, tremendous strength, calm dispositions, and loyalty.
Newfoundlands are true all-purpose water dogs. They are built to swim, with webbed feet, a waterproof coat, large jowls to trap air, and great lung capacity. Newfoundlands also have a different swimming style to other dogs. They push their legs up and down underwater to give them more power.
How much exercise does a Newfoundland need
Newfoundlands need about 30 to 60 minutes of exercise and activity every day. This should include a daily walk with additional free play and strengthening exercises. High impact or over strenuous exercise can lead to joint pain.
Newfoundlands can sometimes be considered a little lazy and may become a couch potato. Ensure that they do get exercise on a daily basis to maintain a healthy weight and to keep muscles and joints functioning at there best.
Being a water dog, most Newfoundlands love the water, so give them the opportunity to swim whenever possible. Also, include mental stimulation to prevent boredom such as puzzle toys or scenting games.
Their daily activity requirements can be grouped into three categories.
- Daily Walk
- Free Play
- Mental Stimulation
Avoid too much exercise with a Newfoundland puppy
These suggestions relate to a healthy adult Newfoundland 18 months or older. Newfoundland puppies grow fast and this can put excessive stress on their bodies. Their growth plates are not completely closed until they are over 18 months old.
Long walks are not required for a puppy and the best exercise for a Newfie puppy is free to play off-leash. Avoid high impact activity on hard surfaces.
- up to 6months old 10 to 15 minutes a day is sufficient.
- 6 to 12 months old 30 minutes a day is enough.
- 12 to 18 months, not a lot more than 6 to 12 months is needed
For more on exercise for a puppy see here.
Introducing them to the water and swimming while young is recommended and is a great low impact exercise.
Mental stimulation is important for puppies and can tire them just as much as physical activity. For more on mental stimulation for puppies see here.
Newfoundland exercise after eating
Newfoundlands are one of the dog breeds that are at a higher risk of bloat or GDV (Gastric Dilatation Volvulus ), Do not feed your Newfie straight before or after exercise to minimize the risk of this. Wait at least one hour, preferably two hours before or after exercise. For more about avoiding bloat in your Newfoundland dog see here.
It is also recommended that you feed your Newfoundland on an elevated surface or from a raised bowl to aid with digestion and prevent GDV.
See Raised Dog Bowls on Amazon.
Newfoundland exercise in hot weather
Newfoundlands have a thick heavy coat. They can easily over heat when the temperature is high.
Avoid exercising them outside when the weather is hot and the sun is blazing down. Allowing them to overheat can result in heat stress or even heat stroke. It is important for a Newfoundland owner to beware of the signs and symptoms of overheating.
It is still important that they receive exercise even when the weather is hot. For tips on exercising a dog in hot weather see here.
Newfoundland Walking Needs
The daily walk is essential for a Newfoundland not only to release some pent-up energy. The walk allows your Newfie to stimulate the mind with the sights, sounds, and smells they come across.
A healthy adult Newfoundland will require a daily walk of 25 to 45 minutes. The pace of the walk should be a casual comfortable speed for them.
If your Newfoundland has good recall, off-leash walking or running at the park is ideal. Alternatively, you can use a retractable leash or long lead to allow them more freedom while maintaining control. In general, Newfoundlands are obedient and usually have good recall if trained.
You can add extra resistance to the walk by using a weighted vest or dog backpack. It is recommended that no more than 10% of their body weight be added. This is more than sufficient to tire them and strengthen their muscles without overworking them. Other ways of increasing the resistance on the walk are to walk on sand or include uphill sections in the walk.
Can Newfoundlands go on long walks
Newfoundlands do have a good level of stamina and can walk for reasonably long distances. However, 30 to 60 minutes is probably more than sufficient. If you do choose to go on long walks, monitor your Newfie for signs of fatigue, soreness, or excessive panting. Bring the walk to an end if they seem to be struggling.
Newfoundland exercise ideas
Free play in your yard or at the park is a great way to burn pent up energy, provide mental stimulation, and have some fun. Here are some suggested ways for providing the opportunity for your Newfoundland to play and exercise.
Newfoundlands were born to swim. Swimming is high intensity and helps to tire a dog quickly. Five to ten minutes of continuous swimming can be equivalent to a hard 30 to 40 minute run for your dog.
It is also low impact making it ideal for a big dog like a Newfoundland as they can be prone to joint issues.
To learn more about the exercise benefits of swimming for dogs see here.
Play with toys
Provide you Newfoundland with a good range of toys. This will help encourage them to be more active. To learn about the different type of dog toys and how to use them see here.
Fetch is a favorite game for most dogs. It not only gets a dog moving but is also a great bonding activity for you both. Remember not to overdo it and end the game if they are panting excessively or showing signs that they have had enough.
Keep this a controlled game for your Newfoundland so they are not turning too quickly which can put pressure on the joints. A soft surface such as on the grass is best.
Doing water retrieval is ideal as your Newfie gets the benefits of both swimming and playing fetch.
Play with other dogs
Provide the opportunity for your Newfoundland to play with other dogs. This is not only great to burn energy and stimulate their mind, but teaches them important social skills. Newfoundlands love the company of people and other dogs.
Newfoundland muscle strengthening exercise
One of the major benefits of incorporating muscle building and strengthening activities into your dog’s daily exercise is that it assists to prevent injury. This is achieved by building muscle to support and give stability to the joints and tendons and increase bone density.
From a fitness point of view strengthening exercises increase the cardiovascular system and reduces fat preventing obesity and helps maintain a healthy weight. For overall health, it improves gastrointestinal regularity, strengthens the immune system and improves sleeping and eating patterns.
Here is some suggested strengthening exercise you can do with your Newfoundland.
Walking up and down stairs is a good exercise in that it provides two complementary actions. Going up the stairs makes them use their muscles to propel forward. Coming down the stairs requires balance and controlled core stability.
It is important not to rush up and down the stairs and keep this a controlled exercise to avoid injury.
For a full guide to stair exercise for dogs see here.
This video gives a good insight in to this.
Tug of war
A classic dog game and one that is loved by most dogs. Make them use their strength to crouch and pull back. Many dog trainers are opposed to this game as they feel it encourages dominate behavior. As long as your dog takes and releases the tug toy on command and you control the game this is not an issue.
A spring pole is simply a spring connected to a rope that hangs from a tree branch or beam with a lure or toy attached to the end. This allows your dog to play tug of war with him or herself even if you are not there. Popular with a lot of dogs and particularly strong breeds that love a good game of tug of war.
This is similar to human squats. Have your dog sit and then stand. You can use treats to make this easier. If they don’t stand when you say just step back and offer the treat. After a week or two, you can increase the resistance of the exercise by putting a backpack on your dog and add weight, but not more than 10% of their body weight.
For more muscle building and strengthening exercises for dogs see here.
Newfoundland Mental Stimulation
Your Newfie will get some mental stimulation and enrichment from their daily walk and time spent with free play. However, it is a good idea to provide other activities that stimulate the mind. Mental exercise can burn as much energy as physical exercise.
Many dog behavior problems are a direct result of boredom. Read “Mental enrichment and mind stimulation for dogs” to learn about the six categories of enrichment for dogs.
Some ideas to provide mental stimulation include;
Puzzle toys are a great way to test your dog’s intelligence and improve their problem-solving skills. Check out “Top puzzle toys for dogs” for my top picks.
Kong toys which you stuff with food and treats work in much the same way. Read “How to use a Kong for dogs”.
Puzzle toys are great for times when your dog is home alone. Newfoundlands love company and many have separation anxiety when left alone. If your dog is home alone while you are at work or out you may find some helpful information at “Leaving a dog alone while at work”
Teaching new commands and tricks is also excellent to provide mental enrichment. A popular game that involves learning is to teach them the names of their toys. Dogs can learn hundreds of words and names.
Chewing is a natural behavior for dogs and has many benefits including maintaining dental health and keeping them occupied. It also as mental health benefits. When a dog chews it releases endorphins to their brain making them feel calm and relaxed helping to lift their overall mood.
For more on the benefits of chewing and the best chew toys for your dog see here.
Turn mealtimes into an opportunity for your Newfoundland to get a mental challenge and enrichment. Instead of feeding them from a bowl, give them activities that require them to work for their food. To learn more about feeding enrichment for dogs see here.
Enrich their environment
Environmental enrichment is the process of making a dog’s living space more engaging and interesting. To learn more about environmental enrichment for dogs see here.
How much exercise does an Older Newfoundland need
As a dog gets older they become less active and have lower energy levels. However, it is still important that they remain reasonably active to keep their joints and muscles mobile and to manage their weight. Read ” Dog exercise for a senior dog” to learn more.
Many dogs develop arthritis as they age. Exercise for them becomes a balancing act. It is important to keep their joints mobile and manage weight, but too much can make them sore. Read “How to exercise an arthritic dog” to learn more.
Newfoundlands are also very prone to hip dysplasia especially as they get older. Read Exercising a dog with hip dysplasia for advice on this.
Summary – Newfoundland exercise requirements
Newfoundlands require daily moderate exercise of 30 to 60 minutes. This should include a daily walk with additional free play and strengthening exercises. High impact or over strenuous exercise can lead to joint pain.
Newfie puppies do not require too much exercise as they are growing quickly. Exercise for an older Newfoundland is still important to keep them mobile and healthy but a balance is required to avoid soreness.
Let us know in the comments how you exercise your Newfoundland.